Team

The project leader, Lucrețiu Mihăilescu-Bîrliba, is a well-known researcher in Latin epigraphy, Roman social history and demography. His researches have lead to four monographs in these fields, treating the different themes for the first time. His first book, Individu et société en Dacie romaine. Etude de démographie historique, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2004, opened a new direction in the ancient history of the Balkan provinces of the Roman Empire, applying the statistical method to the investigation of the epitaphs, by analyzing demographic parameters such as life expectancy, age structure, mortality and fertility. The book was awarded the “Vasile Pârvan” Prize of the Romanian Academy and nominated for the “Gérard Boulvert” Seventh International Prize of the University of Naples. His second book, Les affranchis dans les provinces romaines de l’IIlyricum, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2006, presents an exhaustive image of  freedmen in the Balkan and in the Lower Danube provinces of the Early Roman Empire.  It is the first work offering a synthesis of slavery in the provinces mentioned above. Both books received good reviews in journals such as Athenaeum, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Römische Reschtsgeschichte, L’Antiquité Classique, Anzeiger für Altertumswissenschaft and Gnomon. His third book, written with Valentin Piftor and Razvan Cozma, L’éspérance de vie, la structure d’âge et la mortalité en Pannonie (Ier-IIIe s. ap. J. C.), Casa Editoriala Demiurg, Iasi 2007, continues the direction inaugurated by the first book, analyzing the main demographic parameters (life expectancy, age structure and mortality) in the Roman province of Pannonia. Last but not least, in the monograph Ex toto orbe Romano. Immigration into Roman Dacia, Peeters, Leuven 2011, the author analyses the phenomenon of immigration into Roman Dacia. The approach is both epigraphic and archaeological. From both points of view, however, questions remain without a precise answer. The author accepts that the colonization of Dacia was indeed intense and that Eutropius’ affirmation could be true. On the other hand, combining some literary evidence with the results of the present analysis and with the author’s earlier demographic research, it can be said that the Romans found Dacia to be a sparsely populated territory. This is why colonization was not only intense but had such a strong effect in the Romanization of the province. This work is the first one to reflect directly the connection between immigration, colonizations and Romanization in Dacia.

The team members are specialists whose scientific activity is closely related to the project.  Prof. Dr. Christoph Schäfer (University of Trier, Germany) has carried out works of experimental archaeology and non-destructive archaeology on the Rhine limes, publishing articles both for scientific purposes (Lusoria – ein Römerschiff im Experiment. Rekonstruktion – Tests – Ergebnisse, Hamburg 2008; Eine Reise entlang des Limes. Zur Konzeption und Entwicklung einer Multimedia-Produktion aus der Perspektive des Althistorikers, in Alte Geschichte und Neue Medien – Zum EDV-Einsatz in der Altertumsfor­schung, hrsg. v. M. Hainzmann u. Chr. Schäfer, St. Katharinen 2000, 157–166; Der nasse Limes. Römische Kriegsschiffe auf Rhein und Donau, in Limes. Roms Grenzwall gegen die Barbaren, hrsg. v. G. Graichen, Frankfurt 2009, 68-91) and for didactic goals („Römer und Germanen“ Konfrontation und Integration. Didaktische DVD für Schule und Allgemeinheit, in Digitales Lernen. Forschung – Praxis – Märkte. Ein Reader zum E-Learning, hrsg. v. L.P. Michel, Essen, Berlin 2006, 301–311). Dr. Marius Alexianu has devoted  part of his work to publishing articles about onomastics in Moesia Inferior (La situation linguistique de la province romaine Scythie Mineure. Repères d’une recherche, in Atti del IV Convegno di Studi italo-romeno, Italia e Romania: Storia, Cultura e Civiltà a confronto, (Bari, 21-23 ottobre 2002), Bari, 2004, 145-156; Les inscriptions bilingues privées de Tomi et de Histria, in V. Cojocaru ed., Ethnic Contacts and Cultural Exchanges North and West of the Black Sea from the Greek Colonization  to the Ottoman Conquest, Iasi 2005, 305-312) while the young researcher Dr. Roxana-Gabriela Curcă has published articles and book chapters about bilingualism, Greek-speakers and Latin speakers in onomastics of Moesia Inferior (New Perspectives on the Demography of the Roman Province Moesia Inferior, Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Winter 2010), 139-153, in collaboration with L. Bîrliba; L’anthroponymie non-romaine dans les inscriptions latines de la Mésie Inférieure (entre les rivières Oescus et Iatrus), Classica et Christiana 1, 2006, p. 73-80). The other two team members are young researchers: Dr. Iulia Dumitrache has already published prospographical studies (La famille de Procilii à Sarmizegetusa, Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 7, 2000, 407-410), while Dr. Valentin Piftor has published articles, with the project leader, in migration and demography (Les vétérans membres de l’élite civile en Dobroudja romaine, Peuce 3-4, 2005-2006, 209-216).