Objectives

1) Prosopographical investigations of Roman colonists in Moesia Inferior and Germania Superior. As we mention before, some specialized analysis in this province has revealed some spectacular results (Lucreţiu Mihailescu-Bîrliba, Valentin Piftor, op. cit., see C1 or Lucreţiu Mihailescu-Bîrliba, Notes épigraphiques. Trois familles d’Oescus à Troesmis, Pontica 42, 2009, 385-388). The origo of the people is the most important in this analysis, but we must also consider the moment and the political and social circumstances of their arrival in Moesia inferior. The project director applied this  type of investigation in this way. It should be continued in order to create a complete picture of Roman colonization in the province mentioned above, as well as in Germania Superior.

2) The setting of the colonists’ dynamics in the Greek cities on the Black Sea Coast (Istros, Tomis, Callatis, Dionysopolis etc.) and in their territories, based on the prosopographical investigation. This type of approach follows the next steps: setting their region of origin, the reasons why they came to the cities and attempts to establish distinct stages of colonization.

3) The setting of the colonists’ dynamics in the Roman civilian settlements in Moesia Inferior (Tropaeum Traiani, Marcianopolis etc.) and in Germania Superior, following the same steps as for the Roman colonization in the Greek cities.

4) The setting of colonists’ dynamics in the Roman military settlements of Moesia Inferior (Novae, Oescus, Durostorum, Troesmis, Noviodunum etc.) and of Germania Superior, following the same steps as for Roman colonization in the Greek cities.

5) The study of Roman colonization in some settlements whose role (civilian or military) has not yet been established. Ibida (the present Slava Rusă, Tulcea department, Romania), where the project director is leading an archaeological excavation, is one example. The archaeological levels belong to Late Antiquity, but there were many Early Roman Period finds. The Late Roman town is a very strongly fortified one, with 30 towers. This indicates a military role. Besides, the project director found and published a military diploma dating from Trajan’s reign (Lucreţiu Mihailescu-Bîrliba, Un nouveau diplôme militaire de Mésie Inférieure, Dacia N. S. 52, 2008, 199-210). The actual research has not led to significant results about a certain character of the town. The rural territory was only partially excavated. That is why the investigation in a non-destructive archaeological way is necessary and will also save a great deal of time.

6) The setting of the differences of colonization between the rural and urban settlements, following the epigraphic approach. This type of analysis includes individual and global research in the case of the Greek and Roman cities in Moesia Inferior, as well in the case of Roman cities of Germania Superior. It will follow the next aspects: the origo of the colonists, the reasons for their movement to the cities, the dichotomy between a policy of individual choice and the state in the motivation for their mobility and the stages of colonization.

7) The setting of the differences of colonization between the civilian and military settlements, following the epigraphic approach. The investigation will take into consideration the same aspects as in the preceding case.

8) The non-destructive archaeological investigation in the civilian and military settlements (and their rural territories) of Moesia Inferior and its correlation with the results obtained for Germania Superior. This approach will be realized with the infrastructure of the Faculty of History and of the “Al. I. Cuza” Iasi University (see below) and with a vegetation scanner we shall rent. This investigation will follow the concrete cases of Arrubium, Troesmis, Capidava, Ibida and Oescus (for the military or probably military settlements), and of Ulmetum and Salsovia (for the civilian settlements).

9) The setting of the civilian and military landscape of the settlements, following the non-destructive archaeological investigation. This approach will take into account the land-division in Roman settlements (cadastre), the differences between the allotments from military settlements and those from civilian settlements. A comparison with results from the same approach in Gaul (see Rick Bonnie, Cadastres, Misconceptions and Northern Gaul: a Case Study from the Belgian Hesbaye Region, Leiden 2009) can be useful. The centuriation system was spread in the whole Roman world, as a text of Hyginus Grommaticus (ed. Lachmann, p. 204-205), discussing mos colonicus, suggested. We shall observe how the cadastre system was put into practice in Moesia Inferior and Germania Superior.

10) The achievement of a global image of epigraphic and non-destructive archaeological investigations on the Lower Danube limes and on the Rhenan limes.

11) The achievement of the contrastive approach. This approach will follow the next contrastive aspects: the Lower Danube limes-the Rhenan limes, the civilian milieu versus the military milieu in both regions, the rural urban settlements in both regions. This analysis will lead to observations about the possible integration of Moesia Inferior into some pre-existing models of Roman colonization, or the setting of Moesia Inferior as a model of colonization.